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NEP 2020 : MHRD released New Education Policy after 34 years

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The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) released the New Education Policy after 34 years. During the drafting of the policy, the ministry received over 2 lakh suggestions.

The New Education Policy was part of the Bharatiya Janata Party’s manifesto during the 2014 general election campaigning. MHRD released New Education Policy after 34 years, the existing one framed in 1986 and revised in 1992. A panel headed by former ISRO chief K. Kasturirangan had submitted the draft of the new National Education Policy to Union HRD Minister Pokhriyal. After that, there was a heated debate related to the implementation of certain clauses within the ministry. In addition, various public suggestions were also implemented.

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MHRD released the New Education Policy after 34 years as a roadmap to transform education policy to meet future needs and covers college and school-level education. The objective of the MHRD is to increase the Gross Enrolment Ratio (GRE) to 50% by 2035. Most importantly, education will now get 6% of GDP rather than the current 4.43%. Furthermore, NEP will be available in 22 languages, audiobooks.


The Indian Express has covered the minutes of the cabinet meeting.

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  • The 10+2 system will be divided into 5+3+3+4 format.

Stage I(Foundational): first five years of the school i.e from pre-school to class 2.    Stage II(Preparatory): next three years i.e from classes 3 to 5.                                Stage III(Middle-school): later three years of the middle-stage of school i.e from classes 6 to 8.                                                                                                              Stage IV(High-school): last four years of school i.e from classes 9 to 12.

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  • Co-curriculum subjects like sports, vocational, arts, commerce, science, everything will be at the same level. Students can opt for courses as per choice. Students can take up coding from class 6.
  • Board exams to undergo a huge change. Like mathematics for CBSE, all courses will be offered in two languages. The board exams across states to test knowledge application and not rote learning. For each subject to test objective and descriptive exam.
  • Schools will now teach life skills. Report card to have reviewed from teachers, peers, and students as well. Review assessment of performance. Students will get an AI-based assessment annually.


  • To pursue research, MPhil will not be allowed.  Subsequently, all courses at UG, PG, Ph.D. level to be interdisciplinary.
  • In addition, standalone Higher Education Institutes and professional education institutes will be evolved into multi-disciplinary education.
  • The public and private universities will follow a common norm and therefore, the fee charged by them will be fixed within the regulatory framework. As a result, no extra fee will be charged beyond the cap.
  • In addition, special education zones for disadvantaged regions. Moreover, Govt to set-up a National Technology Forum(NTF) to impart knowledge online.
  • Starting with 8 major languagesKannada, Odia, Bengali among others to join the e-courses available in Hindi and English.
  • Above all, NTA will conduct a single common entrance exam for all colleges.
  • On the basis of the status of their accreditation, colleges will certainly get undergrad autonomy, academic, administrative, and financial autonomy.


In addition to NEP 2020, MHRD in the cabinet meeting got renamed as the Ministry of Education. Education Minister Dr Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ declared this.

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Earlier, MHRD was in limelight due to the mandate exams for final year students.

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