NIRF Rankings 2020 Announced

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On 11th June 2020, the Ministry of Human Resource and Development’s Minister Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank announced the National Institute Ranking Framework (NIRF) ranking 2020. He, along with Sanjay Dhotre, Minister of State, Anil Saharsrabudhe, Chairman of AICTE, and DP Singh, Chairman of UGC was live through a webcast to announce the same. The rankings will be shortly available on the NIRF website.

The live webcast can be watched on Twitter or the webcast portal of MHRD. 

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The MHRD has been approving the NIRF since 2015; NIRF ranking 2020 is the fifth edition. Generally, the NIRF ranking is announced in April, but it was delayed this year due to the coronavirus pandemic. 

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Atal Ranking of Institutions for Innovation Achievements or ARIIA will also be released by the MHRD today. It will be the second year of ARIIA rankings. There are over 1,000 universities, around 45,000-degree colleges, and 1,500 top institutes in India. 5,500 institutes had sent applications for NIRF Ranking this year. Institutes which participated in the rankings has increased by 20% this year. The HRD minister suggested that every institution should participate in the NIRF ranking. He has requested the UGC Chairman to make it compulsory for all the universities to participate in the NIRF Rankings from next year onwards.

NIRF rankings of 2019 had nine categories – Overall rankings, University, Engineering, College, Management, Pharmacy, Law, Architecture, and Medical. However, in 2020, there is an addition to this list. Even the Dental institutes will be ranked this year.

The framework outlines a methodology to rank institutions across the country. A core committee is set up by the MHRD, which draws various parameters for ranking. These parameters broadly cover –  

  1. Teaching, Learning & Resources (TLR)
  • 100 (marks) — 0.30 (weightage)

Under this parameter, an institution is ranked based on the Student Strength including Doctoral Students (SS), Faculty-student ratio with special emphasis on permanent faculty (FSR), Combined metric for Faculty with Ph.D. (or equivalent) and Experience (FQE) and Financial Resources and their Utilisation (FRU).

  1. Research and Professional Practice (RP) 
  • 100 (marks) — 0.30 (weightage)

Under this parameter, institutions are ranked based on – Combined metric for Publications (PU), Combined metric for Quality of Publications (QP) IPR and Patents: Published and Granted (IPR) and Footprint of Projects and Professional Practice (FPPP)  

  1. Graduation Outcomes (GO) 
  • 100 (marks) — 0.20 (weightage)

Universities are ranked based on- Metric for University Examinations (GUE), Metric for Number of PhD Students Graduated (GPHD).  

  1. Outreach and Inclusivity (OI)         
  • 100 (marks) — 0.10 (weightage)

Institutions are ranked based on – Percentage of Students from Other States/Countries (Region Diversity RD), Percentage of Women (Women Diversity WD), Economically and Socially Challenged Students (ESCS), Facilities for Physically Challenged Students (PCS) and Perception Ranking (PR).

  1. Peer Perception
  • 100 (marks) — 0.10 (weightage)

Under this parameter, institutions are ranked based on Academic Peers and Employers (PR). It is to be done through a survey conducted over a broad category of Employers, Professionals from Reputed Organizations, and a broad category of academics to ascertain their preference for graduates of different institutions.

NIRF also uses the discipline-wise ranking methodology. The disciplines include engineering, management, architecture, law, medical, pharmacy, and colleges. Under this, NIRF follows the same ‘broad parameters’ that are used for the overall ranking.

HIGHLIGHTS OF NIRF RANKING 2020

Dental colleges have also been ranked for the first time this year. Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Science has earned the first rank followed by Manipal College of Dental Science and Dr DY Patil Vidyapith Pune in the second and the third position, respectively.

Jamia Hamdard bagged the first rank in the pharmacy discipline. Punjab University and National Institute of Pharmaceutical Institute Mohali secured the second and third rank, respectively.

IIT Kharagpur has bagged the first rank under the architecture discipline. IIT Roorkee and NIT Calicut follow it.

National Law School of India University, Bengaluru, has secured the first rank among India’s law colleges and is followed by National Law University Delhi and the Nalsar University of Law, Hyderabad.

AIIMS Delhi is the top institute among India’s medical colleges, while PGIMER Chandigarh is the second best medical college, and Christian Medical College has bagged the third rank.

Under the ‘college’ category, Miranda House of Delhi University has bagged the first rank. It is followed by Lady Shri Ram and Hindu College, who got the second and third rank, respectively.

Under the management discipline, IIM Ahmedabad topped the list, followed by IIM Bangalore and IIM Kolkata.

IIT Madras has topped the list in the overall category, followed by IISC Bengaluru and IIT Delhi.

HIGHLIGHTS OF NIRF RANKING 2019

In 2019, IIT Madras had topped the list of higher education institutes followed by IISc Bengaluru and IIT Delhi in the second and third rank respectively.

IIM Bangalore can first among the management institutes in India followed by IIM Ahmedabad and IIM Calcutta in the second and third rank respectively. IIT Bombay, IIT Kharagpur, and IIT Kanpur secured fourth, fifth, and sixth among the top higher education institutes. JNU, IIT Roorkee, IIT Guwahati and Banaras Hindu University (BHU) bagged the seventh, eighth, ninth and tenth spot respectively.

Delhi University’s Miranda House has topped the national ranking of colleges among the “Colleges ranking list.” AIIMS New Delhi had topped the first rank under the ‘medical’ list; National Law School-Bengaluru bagged the first rank under the law list, and Jamia Hamdard was ranked first among the pharmacy institutes.

The government has been pushing Indian universities and higher education institutes by establishing Institutes of Eminence. However, they have witnessed a decline in their performances in the global ranking index. One of the primary reasons behind the same is the lack of internationalization. NIRF ranking is deemed as a step in this direction.

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Apoorva Iyer
Apoorva Iyer is a student of B.A Political Science (Hons.) at Deshbandhu College, Delhi University.

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