Hello there! Thank you for wanting to know more than you did yesterday. We have compiled a list of important and interesting events which happened on 19th November from all across the world. Happy reading!
- 1493 Columbus discovered Puerto Rico: Christopher Columbus discovered Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands on his second voyage to the Indies on 19th November, 1493.
- 1835 Rani Lakshmi Bai born: Lakshmi Bai was the Indian Queen of the princely state of Jhansi in North India and leader of the Indian Mutiny in 1857-58. She lives on as a symbol of courage and rebellion against the oppressive British Raj.
- 1850 Alfred Tennyson becomes British Poet Laureate: Alfred Tennyson is one of the most famous English poets in history whose career lasted almost 62 years. He succeeded Wordsworth as the Poet Laureate in 1850 and became Lord Alfred First Baron Tennyson.
- 1863 Lincoln delivers his Gettysburg address: President Abraham Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address, which begins with the famous words “Four score and seven years ago…” is one of the most memorable speeches in American history. He delivered it at the dedication of a military cemetery at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, during the American Civil War. This was four months after The Battle of Gettysburg was fought in which more than 45,000 men were killed, injured, captured or went missing. Within 2-3 minutes, Lincoln moved the public and reminded them why they had to win the Civil War. He also invoked the principles of human equality contained in the Declaration of Independence and connected the sacrifices of the Civil War with the desire for “a new birth of freedom.”
- 1917 Indira Gandhi born: Indira Gandhi was the fourth and only female Prime Minister of India. Born in Allahabad, she was also the longest-serving Prime Minister after her father Jawaharlal Nehru. She is known for her role in the Indo-Pak wars, liberation of Bangladesh, imposing a national emergency and the Operation Blue Star.
- 1942 Soviet launches counterattack at Stalingrad: The Soviet Red Army launched its counteroffensive Operation Uranus under General Georgi Zhukov. This turned the tide of the Battle of Stalingrad. It involved the use of large Soviet mechanized and infantry forces to encircle German and other Axis forces directly around Stalingrad.
- 1969 Pelé scored his 1,000th goal: Brazilian soccer legend Pelé scored his 1,000th goal on a penalty kick against Vasco da Gama in Rio de Janeiro’s Maracana Stadium, as eighty-thousand fans cheered for him. During his long career, Pelé scored 1,282 goals in 1,363 games. In 1978, he was given the International Peace Award and in 1993 he was inducted into the National Soccer Hall of Fame.
- 1985 Reagan and Gorbachev meet for the first time: For the first time in eight years, US President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev held a summit conference meeting in Geneva. No major agreements were signed between the two, but the meeting was successful as the two men bonded well.
- 1992 International Men’s Day: In the early 1990s Thomas Oaster, the director of the Missouri Center for Men’s Studies, invited various organizations to hold small International Men’s Day events in February. But they were not successful. Then, in 1999 Trinidad and Tobago Jerome Teelucksingh from the University of West Indies, revived this day. The day seeks to promote positive aspects of male identity based on the premise that men respond more constructively to positive role models than to negative gender stereotyping.
- 1994 Aishwarya Rai crowned 44th Miss World: India’s Aishwarya Rai succeeded Jamaica’s Lisa Hanna for the Miss World Title in 1994 Sun City, South Africa at the age of 21.
- 2001 World Toilet Day: Jack Sim, a philanthropist from Singapore, founded the NGO World Toilet Organization and declared 19th November as World Toilet Day. The day celebrates toilets and raises awareness of the 4.2 billion people living without access to safely managed sanitation. It is about taking action to tackle the global sanitation crisis and achieve Sustainable Development Goal 6: water and sanitation for all by 2030.
- 2010 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows Part 1 released worldwide: Directed by David Yeats, the film is the 7th installment in the Harry Potter series. It was the third highest-grossing film of 2010, behind Toy Story 3 and Alice in Wonderland. It received two nominations at the 83rd Academy Awards for Best Art Direction and Best Visual Effects.
- 2017 Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe refused to resign: The ruling ZANU-PF Party had given the president a deadline to resign or face impeachment. But the 93-year-old leader defied the ultimatum in a TV speech after being ousted as leader of the party. He was replaced with former Vice-President Emmerson Mnangagwa.
- 2019 LeBron James sets an NBA record: American basketballer LeBron James, on 19th November, became the first player in NBA history to record a triple-double against all 30 franchises. James hit 25 points, 11 rebounds and 10 assists as LA Lakers’ beat Oklahoma City Thunder 112-107. “I really don’t know what to think about it,” he said. “I just think it’s a pretty cool stat to know, and I’m glad it happened in a win.”
Also read: THIS DAY IN HISTORY – 17TH NOVEMBER