This Day in History is DUE’s daily dose of trivia for all the history buffs out there. So sit back and take a ride of all the fascinating things that happened today!
People are trapped in history and history is trapped in people, and hence, every day has been a significant one in the foibles of history. Now, let’s take a tour of “This Day in History – 4th June”.
1896: Henry Ford test-drives his ‘Quadricycle’
Quadricycle was the first automobile Henry Ford had ever designed or driven. It was basically a light metal frame fitted with four bicycle wheels and powered by a two-cylinder, four-horsepower gasoline engine. After months of hard work, Ford was able to drive the 500-pound Quadricycle down Detroit’s Grand River Avenue. Aside from one breakdown, the drive was a success. Ford was on his way to becoming one of the most formidable success stories in American business history.
1919: Congress passes the 19th Amendment, giving women the right to vote
The 19th Amendment to the US Constitution granted women the right to vote. Congress had passed it and sent it to the states for ratification. It stated that “the rights of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.” The Amendment took effect eight days later.
1940: British complete the Miracle of Dunkirk
British evacuated almost 338,226 allied troops from France via a flotilla of over 800 vessels including Royal Navy destroyers, merchant marine boats, fishing boats, pleasure craft and lifeboats to complete the Miracle of Dunkirk today. The German army had advanced through northern France during the early days of World War II. They had cut off British troops from their French allies, forcing an enormous evacuation of soldiers across the North Sea from the town of Dunkirk to England. British named this evacuation as Operation Dynamo which commenced on May 26.
1972: Black communist activist Angela Davis acquitted
In October 1970, New York City Police had arrested Davis in connection with a shootout that occurred on August 7. She was accused of supplying weapons to a notorious Jonathan Jackson due to her friendship with him, and her activism for Black prisoners. She went into hiding and her trial began in March 1972. In June 1972, the court acquitted her of all charges. Though no longer a member of the Communist Party, Davis continues to be active in politics, most notably speaking out against incarceration and the death penalty.
1975: Actress and Humanitarian Angelina Jolie is born
Maleficient actress and UNHCR Special Envoy, Angelina Jolie turns 46 today. Named as Hollywood’s highest-paid actress and one of the world’s most beautiful women, Jolie is famous for films like Mr. & Mrs. Smith, Salt, Changeling and Girl, Interrupted. Her accolades include an Academy Award and three Golden Globe Awards. Her humanitarian work includes efforts towards education, conservation and women’s rights. She has also undertaken over a dozen field missions globally to refugee camps and war zone countries like Pakistan and Sudan.
1989: Tiananmen Square Massacre
Chinese troops stormed through Tiananmen Square in the center of Beijing, killing and arresting thousands of pro-democracy protesters. The brutal Chinese government assault on the protesters shocked the West. A little more than three weeks later, the US Congress voted to impose economic sanctions against the People’s Republic of China in response to the brutal violation of human rights.