This Day in History – 9th November

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Every day has been a significant one in the foibles of History. Let’s take a tour of “This Day in History – 9th of November”.

1794 Russian troops occupy Warsaw

This led to the Warsaw Uprising of 1794 or Warsaw Insurrection. Supported by the Polish Army, the uprising threw off control by the Russian Empire of the Polish capital city (Warsaw).

1799 Napoleon Bonaparte becomes the dictator of France

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On this day in history, Napoleon Bonaparte pulls off a coup and becomes the dictator of France under the title of First Consul. However, after a disastrous French invasion of Russia in 1812, Napoleon abdicated the throne two years later and was exiled to the island of Elba.

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Warsaw Arsenal was the scene of heavy fighting during the Uprising, as well as 35 years later, during the November Uprising. (Image Source: Marcin Zaleski)

1821 1st US pharmacy college holds 1st classes, Philadelphia

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University of the Sciences (USciences) was established in 1821 as the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, to become the first pharmacy college in the nation. Its endowment is worth $162.5 million (2019) and its President is Paul Katz.

1872 The Great Boston Fire of 1872. Close to 1,000 buildings destroyed

The Great Boston Fire of 1872 was Boston’s largest fire and still ranks as one of the most costly fire-related property losses in American history. The conflagration began at 7:20 p.m. on Saturday, November 9, 1872, in the basement of a commercial warehouse at 83–87 Summer Street. The fire was finally contained 12 hours later, after it had consumed about 65 acres of Boston’s downtown, 776 buildings and much of the financial district, and caused $73.5 million in damage (equivalent to $1.436 billion in 2019). Despite these devastations, only thirteen people died in the inferno, including two Boston firemen.

Ruins left by the fire. (Image Source: Wikipedia)

1877 American Chemical Society chartered in NY

The American Chemical Society is a scientific society based in the United States that supports scientific inquiry in the field of chemistry. The membership of this society is nearly 157,000 now. The founder was Charles F. Chandler.

1900 China gains nominal control of Manchuria

The local warlord Zhang Zuolin was forced to grant the Japanese vast concessions in the region in return for their tacit military support. However, in a secret agreement, the Chinese governor of Manchuria grants Russia such rights as keeping troops along the railroad lines and controlling civil administration.

The region of Manchuria. (Image Source: Britannica)

1906 Theodore Roosevelt is 1st US President to visit another country (Puerto Rico and Panama)

When Theodore Roosevelt travelled to Panama in November 1906 to inspect progress on the canal, he became the first U.S. president to leave the country while in office, on this day in History. Subsequently, both William Howard Taft (in 1909) and Warren G. Harding (in 1920) visited Panama while each was the president-elect.

President Theodore Roosevelt, often referred to as Teddy Roosevelt or his initials T. R was the 26th President of U.S.A. (Image Source: Google)

1918 The Weimar Republic of Germany is proclaimed

Weimar Republic (Image Source: Alamy-stock-photo)

The Weimar Republic (officially the ‘German Reich’) also referred to as the German Republic was the German federal state from 1918 to 1933 deriving its name from the city of Weimar, where its constituent assembly first took place. The Reich was changed from a constitutional monarchy into a republic.

1937 Japanese army conquers Shanghai

The National Revolutionary Army (NRA), the Republic of China (ROC), and the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) of the Empire of Japan fought the Battle of Shanghai. It was one of the largest and bloodiest battles of the entire war, later described as “Stalingrad on the Yangtze”.

1944 Red Cross wins Nobel peace prize

The International Committee of the Red Cross was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1917, 1944, and 1963 – on the third occasion jointly with the League of Red Cross Societies. This makes the Red Cross unique: no recipient has been awarded the Peace Prize as often as this organization.

The Red Cross Society (Image Source: Britannica)

1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

The Nevada Test Site (NTS), 65 miles north of Las Vegas, was one of the most significant nuclear weapons test sites in the United States. Nuclear testing, both atmospheric and underground, occurred here between 1951 and 1992.

1967 The 1st unmanned Saturn V rocket is launched on its first successful test flight into Earth orbit

The Saturn V was a rocket NASA built to send people to the moon. The Saturn V was a Heavy Lift Vehicle. Earlier, Saturn V was an unmanned Earth-orbital flight with all three stages performing perfectly. Then on its third launch, the huge Saturn V was manned. It sent astronauts Frank Borman, James A. Lovell, Jr., and William A. Anders on a voyage highlighted by mankind’s first orbits of the Moon, on Christmas Eve, 1968.

Saturn V (Image Source: Google)

1968 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

The Soviet Union conducted 456 nuclear tests at Semipalatinsk from 1949 until 1989 with little regard for their effect on the local people or environment. The full impact of radiation exposure was confidential for many years by Soviet authorities and has only come to light since the test site closed in 1991.

1980 Iraqi President Saddam Hussein declares holy war against Iran

On this day in History, Iraq-President Saddam Hussein declares that Iraq was a part of the practice of “jihad,” or Islamic holy war, to “defend the ideals” of the Prophet Mohammed.

Iraq-President Saddam Hussein (Image Source: Google)

1985 Garry Kasparov becomes the youngest ever world chess champion

Garry Kimovich Kasparov is a Russian chess grandmaster, former World Chess Champion, writer, and political activist. From 1984 until his retirement in 2005, Kasparov was world No. 1 for 255 months overall for his career. He was just 22 when with a 13-11 win, he became the youngest ever world chess champion, over fellow Russian Anatoly Karpov

Garry Kasparov vs. Anatoly Karpov in Moscow on November 9, 1985. (Image Source: Google)

1989 East Berlin opens its borders

Communist East Germany opened its borders to the West, including the Berlin Wall, announcing that its citizens could travel or emigrate freely, in the most stunning step since World War II toward ending the East-West division of Europe.

1993 “Cinderella” opens at New York State Theater NYC for 14 performances

NY Theatre witness the rendition of ″Cinderella” by Rodgers and Hammerstein, a total delight at the New York City Opera, full to overflowing with magic and romance.

Rendition of the play “Cinderella”. (Image Source: Google)

1994 Chandrika Kumaratunga chosen 1st female president of Sri Lanka

Chandrika Kumaratunga (Image Source: Google)

Chandrika won the presidential election in 1994 gaining 62.28% of the vote. Becoming the first female President of Sri Lanka in November 1994, she appointed her mother to succeed her as prime minister.

1994 Darmstadtium discovered at GSI Helmholtz Centre 

Darmstadtium, Chemical element 110 is discovered for Heavy Ion Research near Darmstadt, Germany.

Darmstadtium (Image Source: ChemistryLearner.com)

1998 Capital punishment in the United Kingdom is completely abolished for all remaining capital offences

During the second half of the 20th century, capital punishment in the United Kingdom was in existence. In 1964, the last executions in the United Kingdom were by hanging before the suspension of capital punishment for murder in 1965.

1998 The largest civil settlement in US history

Thirty brokerage firms, including some of the biggest and most trusted names on Wall Street, pay 1.03 billion USD to end a civil suit contending they schemed with one another for years to fix prices, to Nasdaq stock market(NASDAQ).

2008 American tennis star Venus Williams wins her first career title

Williams beats Russian Vera Zvonareva 6–7, 6–0, 6–2 in the WTA Tour Championship final at Doha, Qatar. This was her first career year-ending title.

Venus Williams (Image Source: Google)

2009 Joe Cada becomes the youngest champion of the World Series of Poker’s main event

Joe Cada (Image Source: Google)

Joe Cada is the 2009 World Series of Poker Main Event Champion. Earlier, at the age of 21 years, 11 months, Cada is the youngest player in history to have won the WSOP Main Event.

2011 Shakira is honoured as Latin Recording Academy Person of the Year

Shakira was honoured for her renowned artistic and philanthropic contributions at a tribute dinner and star-studded concert at the Mandalay Bay Convention Center in Las Vegas. In addition, numerous notable artists and friends of the honoree sang her songs from her still-growing catalogue.

2014 United States lead airstrikes in the northern Iraqi city of Mosul against Islamic State (IS)

2014 military intervention against ISIS. (Image Source: ZiaLater)

On this day in History, Iran, according to American and British information, started flying drones over Iraq, and, according to Reuters, Iranian soldiers were in Iraq fighting ISIL. Simultaneously, the United States sent a small number of troops to Iraq.

2014 The 25th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall

The 25th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall. (Image Source: Google)

Celebrations held in Germany to mark the 25th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall; white balloons marking a stretch of the wall symbolize its disappearance.

2015 World Anti-Doping Agency bans Russian Federation

On this day in History, the World Anti-Doping Agency’s commission report bans Russia from athletics competitions for running a “state-supported” doping program.

2015 Justin Bieber releases the single “Love Yourself”

‘Cause if you like the way you look that much
Oh baby, you should go and love yourself
And if you think that I’m still holdin’ on to somethin’
You should go and love yourself… (Listen to the full track)

“Love Yourself” becomes the Grammy Song of the Year. In addition, it won the Billboard song of the year 2016.

2019 India’s Supreme Court rules in favour of Hindus over Muslims in a dispute over who has the right to the holy site in the city of Ayodhya

“Hindus will build a temple at the disputed holy site of Ayodhya in northern India”, the country’s Supreme Court has ruled. Also, Muslims would get another plot of land to construct a mosque, the court said. Many Hindus believe the site is the birthplace of one of their most revered deities, Lord Ram.

2019 Kartarpur corridor opens

Kartarpur Corridor Set To Open on June 29
Image Source: Google

The place where Guru Nanak practised and perfected what he preached, opens up allowing Sikh worshippers from India to access the holy site of Gurdwara Darbar Sahib Kartarpur in Pakistan. In addition, they can enter without a visa.

For more such information, stay tuned to the “This Day in History” category.

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Himanshi Dhawan
Likes to do MUNs and speedcubing. A Shutterbug. Capable of sniffing an Atlas 24x7.

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