The Quit India Movement resolution taken by Mahatma Gandhi in Bombay at the Gowalia Tank Maidan was the strongest appeal of Congress to go against the British.

The Quit India Movement was a consequence of Britain’s involvement in the Second World War.The Congress demanded complete autonomy in return for its support to the Britain in Second World War.

On July 14, 1942 the Congress working committee meeting at Wardha demanded complete independence, failing which the people would go into massive civil disobedience. “The committee, therefore, resolves to sanction for the vindication of India’s inalienable right to freedom and independence, the starting of a mass struggle on non-violent lines on the widest possible scale, so that the country might utilise all the non-violent strength it has gathered during the last 22 years of peaceful struggle,” said the resolution.

The movement was opposed by a number of Indian organisations like the Muslim League,Hindu Mahasabha,Rashtriya Swayam Sevak (RSS) and the Communist Party of India.

On 8th August 1942,Mahatma Gandhi delivered the Quit India speech and the next day he was arrested along with the whole Congress leadership.

Following the arrests,Railways and Telegraphs posts were destroyed and police stations were burned down.The importance of the movement is the fact that in the absence of congress leadership,the Quit India movement for the first time in India saw an active participation of women and students.

The Britishers answered with mass arrests.Hundreds of citizens were killed during the protests by the police. By the end of 1944, majority of the Congress leaders were released,but a sense of failure was felt among the people.

While the Quit India Movement did not result in immediate granting of freedom,it gave the final push that united the Congress and resulted in Britishers leaving the country after 3 years.


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