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THIS DAY IN HISTORY: DECEMBER 1

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1980

Marie Tussaud was a French artist known for wax sculptures. She later founded the Madame Tussauds wax museum in London.

The famous was born on December 1, 1761 in Strasbourg, France. She moved to Switzerland when she was six years old. It was there in the home of local doctor Philippe Curtius that she learned the art of wax modelling.

1954

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Medha Patkar, the famous Indian social activist was born on December 1, 1954. She has worked on different crucial political and economic issues of tribals, farmers, Dalits, labourers, and women. Medha founded the Narmada Bachai Andolan (NBA) in Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat. The movement worked to restore justice for those who faced difficulties due to Sardar Sarovar Project. Additionally, she is the founder of the  National Alliance of People’s Movements (NAPM). Moreover, Medha has been honored with many awards for her social work.

THIS DAY IN HISTORY: DECEMBER 1
Image source: livemint

1955

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December 1, 1955 marks a very important day in the history of the world. Rosa Parks rejected the bus driver James F. Blake who asked her to give her seat to a white passenger after the white section was filled. However, Park was not the first person to resist this segregation. But the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) considered her to be the best candidate for a court challenge. This resulted in the November 1956 decision which declared bus segregation unconstitutional. Today this incident is taught in every class on racism and has raised Parks to an international icon fighting racism.

1963

Nagaland is one of the beautiful north-eastern states of the country. However, the formation of the state succeeded a complex series of events stretching over 150 years.

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President S Radhakrishnan inaugurated the state on December 1, 1963. The event was arranged at a colourful ceremony in Kohima. Shilo Ao became the first Chief Minister. Hence, the 16th state of the Indian Union, Nagaland was formed.

Along with this, it led to the establishment of other states in the North-East like Manipur, Tripura, and Meghalaya in 1972.

1965

India’s Border Security Force (BSF) was formed on December 1, 1965. The force was a result of recommendations from the Committee of Secretaries at the end of the 1965 Indo-Pak war. The BSF has been designed to perform key paramilitary functions. Additionally, it is also concerned with manning the Indo-Pak border. Today it monitors the Indo-Pak and Indo- Bangladesh borders. The current strength of the BSF is 1,90,000.

THIS DAY IN HISTORY- DECEMBER 1
Image source: scroll

1980

Mohammad Kaif, the former Indian cricketer was born on December 1, 1980 in Allahabad. He started his cricket career from Green Park Hostel, Kanpur. Interestingly, his father played for Railways Cricket team and Uttar Pradesh cricket team. His brother plays for Madhya Pradesh cricket team and Uttar Pradesh Cricket Team. Kaif reached the national team on the basis of his U-19 performance. He played Test and ODIs in his career. Moreover, he retired from cricket on July 13, 2018.

1988

Benazir Bhutto was exiled from 1984 to 1986. After the lifting of martial law, she returned to Pakistan. Soon she became the country’s most popular figure against President Zia. However, he died in a mysterious plane crash.

As a result, elections were held. Bhutto’s PPP won the single largest bloc of seats in Pakistan’s National Assembly. Hence, she became the prime minister on December 1 heading a coalition government.

1991

James W. Bunn and Thomas Netter were two public information officers for the Global Programme on AIDS at the World Health Organization, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. They concieved the first World AIDS Day in August 1987. Bunn and Netter took their idea to Dr. Jonathan Mann, director of the programme. However, he recommended the first observance of the same on December 1. This was because it would maximize coverage after US elections and before the holiday season. As  result, this started the beginning of AIDS Awareness Day.

1999

On December 1, 1999, an online BBC poll named Indira Gandhi as “Woman of the Millennium”. Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi born in Allahabad was the daughter of India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru. She entered politics in 1938 she when joined the Indian National Congress. Later, she occupied a central role in the party. Even with several allegations on her, she had an interesting political career.

THIS DAY IN HISTORY: DECEMBER 1
Image source: thestatesman

2002

Australia defeated England in the third test to win the Ashes series for the eighth successive time. England lagged 271 runs in the first innings while the home team made 456 runs. They only managed to make 223 runs in their second innings at the WACA Ground.

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